This thread is for discussing archaic human types, including morphology, genetics, migrations, culture, tools etc.
The oldest known homo sapiens remains were discovered in Ethiopia between 1967 and and 1974 and are estimated to be around 195,000 years old. The Omo specimens are larger, more robust, and possibly taller than average modern humans:
Height estimations from extent long bones range from 162 to 182 cm. Morphologically, the Ethiopian remains exhibit a mixture of modern and archaic traits. The specimens closely resemble those discovered in 1932 at Skhul and Qafzeh in Israel:
The Skhul and Qafzeh remains are roughly 80-100,000 years old. According to Coon, they were discovered in proximity to "pure" Neanderthal types. The image below shows a Neanderthal from Amud Cave in Israel on the left and an early modern human from Qafzeh on the right.
Coon describes the Skhul specimens:
Many physical anthropologists from Coon's time and today believe that the Skhul people represent a hybrid Neanderthal-Sapiens type. One of the reasons scholars like Coon believed this was that their conception of a "pure" sapiens type derived from specimens that are now known to be far younger than originally estimated. For example, Coon's archetype for unmixed sapiens, a short, gracile specimen called Galley Hill man, was later revealed to be of neolithic origin. Thus, some recent scholars have suggested that the Omo-Skhul type reflects what "pure" archaic African humans looked like prior to mixing with Neanderthals .
Next we discuss upper paleolithic man in Europe.