Solutrean hypothesis

2 posts

Bob Dylan Roof
:denuge: New evidence suggests Stone Age hunters from Europe discovered America :denuge:
New archaeological evidence suggests that America was first discovered by Stone Age people from Europe – 10,000 years before the Siberian-originating ancestors of the American Indians set foot in the New World.
A remarkable series of several dozen European-style stone tools, dating back between 19,000 and 26,000 years, have been discovered at six locations along the US east coast. Three of the sites are on the Delmarva Peninsular in Maryland, discovered by archaeologist Dr Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware. One is in Pennsylvania and another in Virginia. A sixth was discovered by scallop-dredging fishermen on the seabed 60 miles from the Virginian coast on what, in prehistoric times, would have been dry land.
The new discoveries are among the most important archaeological breakthroughs for several decades - and are set to add substantially to our understanding of humanity's spread around the globe.
The similarity between other later east coast US and European Stone Age stone tool technologies has been noted before. But all the US European-style tools, unearthed before the discovery or dating of the recently found or dated US east coast sites, were from around 15,000 years ago - long after Stone Age Europeans (the Solutrean cultures of France and Iberia) had ceased making such artefacts. Most archaeologists had therefore rejected any possibility of a connection. But the newly-discovered and recently-dated early Maryland and other US east coast Stone Age tools are from between 26,000 and 19,000 years ago - and are therefore contemporary with the virtually identical western European material.
What’s more, chemical analysis carried out last year on a European-style stone knife found in Virginia back in 1971 revealed that it was made of French-originating flint.
Continued at
Abe de Ville

Another piece of evidence that's interesting is that there is some frequency of Y-dna haplogroup R in Amerindians, and its a certain branch of R (r1-m173) that doesn't seem to be found anywhere else. As you may know, R is generally the most common haplogroup found in western Europe. People who forward the Amerindians-were-here-first scenario typically dismiss this as being the result of more recent admixture - and it may well be, as I don't know enough about genetics to make a definitive judgment - but the uniqueness of this lineage vis-a-vis other lineages makes the ancient-migration-from-Europe scenario at least halfway plausible.

If there were indeed ancient Europeans in America, and the above scenario turned out to be true, I suppose we could assume that these "Solutreans" were never completely wiped out but rather absorbed into the populations that arrived later.

Understand that this is more a hypothesis than a claim. But it's at least worth a further look in my opinion.


EDIT: It looks like the m173 lineage is a generic name used to refer to R when found outside of Eurasia, and it's not limited to America either. There is a hypothesis that it could have reached America via Siberia.