R.I.P. Prof. Nietzsche

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Bob Dylan Roof

Interesting evidence from the Jew Dork Beta Times of the extent and nature of popular knowledge concerning Nietzsche and his works at the beginning of the 20th century.

August 26, 1900​

Prof. Nietzsche Dead​


Weimar, Aug. 25.--Prof. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, the philosopher, died here today of apoplexy.​

Prof. Nietzsche was one of the most prominent of modern German philosophers, and he is considered the apostle of extreme modern rationalism and one of the founders of the socialistic school , whose ideas have had such a profound influence on the growth of political and social life throughout the civilized world. Nietzsche was largely influenced by the pessimism of Schopenhauer and his writings, full of revolutionary opinions, were fired with a fearless iconoclasm which surpassed the wildest dreams of contemporary free thought. His doctrines however, were inspired by lofty aspirations, while the brilliancy of his thought and diction and the epigrammatic force of his writings commanded even the admiration of his most pronounced enemies, of which he had many.​

Of Slavonic ancestry Nietzsche was born in 1844 in the village of Rocken, on the historic battlefield of Lutzen. He lost his parents early in life, but received a fine education at the Latin School at Pforta, concluding his studies at Bonn and Leipsic. Although educated for the ministry, Nietzsche soon renounced all faith and Christianity on the ground that it impeded the free expansion of life. He then devoted his attention to the study of Oriental languages and accepted in 1869 a professorship at the University of Basel, Switzerland.​

This position he held until 1876, when overwork induced an affection of the brain and eyes, and he had to travel for his health. During these years of suffering and while in distressed circumstances he wrote most of his works. Since 1889 Nietzsche had been hopelessly insane, living in Weimar, at the home of his sister, Elizabeth Forster-Nietzsche, who has edited his works. For many years he was a close friend of Richard Wagner, the composer. His principal publications are "The Old Faith and the New," "The Overman," "The Dawn of Day," "Twilight of the Gods," and "So Spake Zrathustra," which is perhaps the most remarkable of his works.​

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/1015.html?scp=1&sq=nietzsche obituary&st=cse


Not so much ignorance, as the method by which they intended to inflict an interpretation of his work, upon everyone else.
Nietzsche was certainly not associated with thinkers on the right, at the time of his demise.

Slavonic=Polish aristocrat


Mighty Atom

Lies, Nietzsche was of German blood.

Bob Dylan Roof

This could possibly be explained by Nietzsche's early reception and exposition of positivist accounts of social phenomena, especially morality.
Niccolo and Donkey
What's with the "socialistic" term?
Niccolo and Donkey
President Camacho
Nietzsche was a Socialist in the Spenglerian sense-- anti-democratic, authoritarian organic socialism allied with Tradition and opposed to ideology. Of course, Nietzsche cast out Christianity as an unwelcome influence in Europe and harked back (rather dubiously) all the way to pagan tradition.

Which is what makes the "extreme rationalism" comment even more ridiculous. Nietzsche' main contribution to modernism was the realization that the abstract truths formulated during the Age of Enlightenment possessed no real grounding in the world of facts and that they would one day be swept away by the powers of the blood. Nietzsche was essentially the first Anti-Rational thinker of late Western Civilization.
Bob Dylan Roof
I think we've discussed this before but I'll reiterate my point. Nietzsche was a "rational" thinker in the sense that he employed deductive and probabilistic/inductive reasoning to arrive at many of his conclusions. To the extent that he relied upon the German Lebensphilosophie method of Verstehen social philosophy or the phenomenological-introspective method that one finds in Schopenhauer and others (Spengler's "organic" intuition method, attributed to Goethe), we can say that Nietzsche was relying upon a form of empirical observation. I suspect that the attribution of the "extreme rationalism" label refers to Nietzsche's tendency to reduce human and social phenomena to physical or natural sources rather than his tendency to glorify anti-rational behavior. It's not a technically precise label, of course, but it does make sense to the layman; and we're talking about the New York Times, after all.

This perspective of Nietzsche persists to this day, and not without some justification. For example, Kaufmann attempts in his early translations to sell Nietzsche to the logical empiricist crowd in the Anglosphere by pointing out the striking affinities between Nietzsche and the analytical schools. And Dennett will occasionally call Nietzsche the "first sociobiologist."
Anarchism. Nietzsche was erroneously viewed as an exponent of anarchism by some early 20th century critics.
Beautiful Ganymede
Nietzsche appears to have been apolitical, if we consider the fact that he had renounced his Prussian citizenship and considered himself a "good European", rather than a good German, effectively remaining stateless for the rest of his life. Not to mention his opposition to both nationalism and anti-Semitism.